breast cancer risk factors and preventions

How Breast cancer occurs? What are Risk Factors and Prevention?

How Breast cancer occur?

Breast cancer occurs when breast cells start to grow abnormally. These cells divide more rapidly than healthy cells and form a lump. Cells can spread to other parts of the body.

Breast cancer often begins with cells in the milk-producing duct, which is also called invasive ductal carcinoma. Breast cancer  can also begin with the lobule or in the other tissues of the breast.

Lifestyle, hormonal and environmental factors that may also increase risk of breast cancer. Some people with risk factors never develop breast cancer and some with no risk factors develop breast cancer. No one knows the exact cause of Breast cancer.

Is Breast cancer genetic?

Yes, breast cancer is also genetics. Genetics breast cancer contributes to breast cancer. Doctors found that almost 5-10% of breast cancer are linked to gene mutation.

Many mutated genes that can increase the risk of breast cancer have been recognized.

breast cancer gene 1 (BRCA1) and breast cancer gene 2 (BRCA2) are the most well-known breast cancer gene which significantly increases the risk of breast cancer.

If you have a family history of breast cancer then you should test your bloods to identify the gene mutation in BRCA or other genes.

What are the risk factors of the breast cancer?

There are many risk factors of breast cancer you can click here for detail.

  • Family history of breast cancer
  • Aging
  • Drinking
  • Obesity
  • Smoking tobacco
  • Exposure to DES
  • Exposure to radiation
  • Having a first child at an older date
  • Reproductive history 10. Medical conditions 11. Women with dense breast 12. Genetics.
  • If you ever diagnosed with breast cancer
  • Being a female.

How breast cancer can be prevented?

You can reduce the chances of breast cancer for detail click here.

1. Control your weight.

Being overweight can make you prone to many cancers including breast cancer.

2. Find out the density of your breast

Self examination of your breast is a new way to detect the breast cancer. If you have more tissues than fat, which is common in young women make cancer harder to detect

3. Exercise 4-5 hours per week

According to a report from European Code Against Cancer, physical inactivity contributes to 9% of all breast cancer cases.

People who exercise, reduce the risk of the breast cancers as well as many other life threatening diseases.

4. Avoid Post-Menopausal Hormones

The study shows that these hormones have mixed effect on your health.

Estrogen-plus-progestin hormone and estrogen-only hormones increase the risk of some diseases.

5. Avoid birth control pills After 35

Taking birth control pills may also increase the risk of breast cancer slightly. But its effect decreases as you stop these pills.

6.  Do not smoke

A study by American Journal of Epidemiology, in 2015 found that smokers, women are at much higher risk of developing breast cancer than others

7. Breast screening.

Breast screening can help you to detect cancers in the early stage, at which breast cancer can be easily treated.

8. Reduce the exposure to the pollution and environmental pollution.

While more studies needed to support these facts, some research suggest there is a link between breast cancer and exposure to radiation.

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