Menstruation or periods when tissue or blood coming out through your vagina.
Or we can say that the shedding of the lining of your womb.
It is the part of every woman which comes in every month.
It’s the beginning mark of the reproductive years of women. Menstruation ends at the age of 45 to 55.
Young girls can notice her first period when blood comes from her vagina.
A woman has two ovaries which contain eggs.
Every month egg will be released and womb prepares a lining in case egg would be fertilized during the reproductive years of women.
If the egg does not fertilize, the lining and egg not needed.
It will be shed through the vagina as blood and this is what we call period.
The amount of blood comes out is called menstrual flow. Light, heavy or moderate flow all is considered normal.
Every month your womb prepares to get pregnant.
Your hormone changes and your ovaries release eggs to get pregnant. This is also called the menstrual cycle.
It starts on the first day of your period to the next first day of your period.
The average cycle is 28 days long, but it depends on the woman’s body.
it can be different for a different woman, between 21 to 35 days is considered normal.
In young women (the period just started), menstruation cycle tends to long and start at different times of every month.
But in older women often have more consistency in her menstrual cycle.
If you are taking birth control pills or have an IUD (Intrauterine Device) can change the timing of periods.
From the first sign of blood, it can last for 3-5 days, between 2 days to 7 days is considered normal.
When does period starts and stop in your life
At some point during puberty blood comes out throughout the vagina and this is your first period.
Most women get their first period between the age of 12 to 14 but some people get earlier or later than that.
If you don’t get your period till 16 then you should go to the doctor.
A woman stops getting her periods when they enter into menopause or when they between 45 or 55.
It can take a few years and periods, changes gradually during this time.
After menopause woman’s periods completely stops and women can’t get pregnant anymore.
Women can experience symptoms in the few days that leading to menstruation to the first day of menstruation or two days of menstruating if the blood flow is heavy.
There are many symptoms that can be attributed and can change with cycle to cycle or time to time.
Some normal symptoms that can be experienced physically
- Fluid retention, bloating and gassy
- Breast swelling and tenderness.
- Joint pain, muscle aches, and headaches
- Abdominal cramps
- Lower back pains
- Anxious and depressed
- Sleeping issue
- Fatigue and low energy
- More hunger
- Constipation or diarrhea
- Mood swing
You can track your period. There are plenty of apps available on the play store.
You can also by these tools if you have some complications with your menstrual cycle.
- Smart Period Tracker Fertility Monitor, Basal Body Temperature Thermometer (BBT) Accurate Ovulation Prediction
- Period Tracker
- [email protected] Smart Basal Thermometer with Bonus 25 LH Ovulation Test Strips, Ovulation and Period Tracker with APP
PMS refers to the emotional and physical changes occur in one or two weeks before one or two weeks of periods.
Symptoms vary women to women and resolve after bleeding.
It is a very common condition it affects 90% of women. IUDSymptoms vary women to women and resolve after bleeding.
It is a very common condition it affects 90% of women.
Almost 32% of women experience moderate to severe symptoms.
And almost 8% of experience PMDD (premenstrual dysphoric disorder). That can vary by individuals and by months.
However, the researcher believed that it’s related it to change in serotonin and sex hormone the beginning of the period.
An increase of progesterone and estrogen level increase during a time in months.
And this can cause anxiety, mood swing, and irritability
More than 200 symptoms have been associated with Premenstrual Syndrome.
Some common emotional symptoms
- Changing interest in sex
- Difficulty in sleeping
- Mood swings
- Increase emotional sensitivity
- Feeling tired
- Lower back pain
- Swelling and tenderness in the breast
- Constipation or diarrhea
- Cyclic acne
- Abdominal cramps.
- Increase hunger
- Joint pain
These symptoms changes women to women and only a few symptoms experienced by a woman.
Only between 3% to 8% of women who have experienced PMDD. severe symptoms are very rare.
- Thought of suicide
- Panic attacks
- Anger with severe mood
- Trouble in focusing
- Painful cramping
- Extreme anxiety.
PMS associated with luteal phase, Cause of PMS is not clear, but several factors that can involve in PMS.
1. Change in hormones during periods, change in hormone level affects some women more than anything.
Change in chemical and hormone like serotonin cause depression and stress. One study shows that
2. Low level of vitamins
Low level of vitamins, minerals, alcohol, high amount of sodium or caffeine can escalate the symptoms such as bloating and water retention.
Recommended for you if your periods are painful then normal
Buy from amazon
Taking medication may stabilize the changes in the hormone level.
Water retention and bloating water retention can be improved in the syndrome level.
Antidepressants are also used to manage symptoms like anxiety and depression.
If you have PMDD then it is a good time to see your doctor.
Reduce the sugar intake, alcohol and coffee intake may also provide you some relief from these symptoms.
Taking supplements, magnesium, calcium, soy, vitamin E, and vitamin B6 also reduce some symptom.
Some women herbal product evening primrose oil
Regular exercise may also decrease the agitation and nervousness as well as some symptom that associate with PMS.
4. Vitamin supplement
You should take a vitamin supplement if you need because lack of vitamin E, Vitamin B6 can reduce the symptom of PMS.
Check here the prices of vitamin E
Check here the prices of vitamin B6
Inflammation may occur during this time. So Anti-inflammatory may give you relief.
The normal length of women’s period is 28 days, but this can vary from women to women.
Irregular menstrual duration varies longer than 35 or too short is called irregular periods. Irregular periods also called oligomenorrhea
Cause of irregular periods
- Hormonal birth control pills or intrauterine devices (IUDs).
- Excessive exercise.
- Hormone imbalance
- At the time of menopause
When should you call a doctor?
Miss two or three periods
You get period more often than 21 days.
You get periods after 35 days.
Bleeding is more than your normal periods
You have more pain than usual
Menorrhagia is a medical term for menstrual periods with heavy or abnormal bleeding.
All though women commonly have a heavy flow and cramps when they have their periods.
With Menorrhagia, you can’t maintain your regular activity because you have too much bleeding and cramping.
If you have an abnormally heavy period, then this is a good time to see your doctor.
The heavy period can cause by a minute health problem and can lead your health issue.
Symptoms of heavy periods
- Change pads or tampons once an hour for the entire day
- Change pad middle of the night
- Bleeding lasts longer than a week
- You stop your daily activity due to bleeding
- Passing a larger clot
- You experience health issues like fatigue, tiredness, and shortness of breath.
Cause of heavy bleeding
1. Hormone imbalance
The balance between the estrogen and progesterone regulates the building of the lining of the uterus.
But hormone imbalance between this hormone can occur, causing the endometrium in excess which can result in heavy bleeding.
Certain medication such as anti-inflammatory medication, hormonal medication progestins and estrogen, and anticoagulant medicines can cause heavy menstrual medicine.
3. Some IUDs
Certain IUDs for birth control can make your periods heavier.
4. The growth of the womb
Polyps are growths within the lining of the uterus. Non-cancerous tumor within the uterus.
Both can make your period heavier and make them lasts longer than they should.
5. Pregnancy-related complications
The heavy and late period may be due to miscarriage.
Another cause of heavy bleeding during pregnancy due to the low-lying placenta or placenta previa.
6. Some medical conditions
Some other medical condition can associate with menorrhagia such as kidney, thyroid problem, Endometriosis, or liver disease
This condition occurs when glands from endometrium become embedded in the uterine muscle this cause heavy bleeding and painful periods.
Treatment for heavy periods
1. Birth control option
Taking birth control pills can alter the hormone imbalance so getting IUD that can lighten your period.
2. Certain medication
Your doctor may prescribe some medication to reduce the flow of your heavy periods.
If your doctor found polyps, so shrunk them or removed may stop the heavy bleeding.
4. Removing the lining of the uterus
In this only outer layer of the lining of your uterus.
This procedure is also called dilation and curettage.
It stops, then heavy bleeding, but women need to get through this more than once.
5. Hormonal IUD
IUD releases the hormone progestin, which can make uterus lining this and decrease the menstrual blood flow and cramping.
Late periods doesn’t mean that you are pregnant.
Missed or late periods can due to many causes other than pregnancy.
Late periods and periods are normal if just started your periods. Your periods have started recently.
Puberty starts between ages 12 to 16. It is driven by reproductive hormones.
This hormone will continue to affect your menstrual cycle.
During the first few years (one or two years), these hormones can be irregular which results in irregular periods.
Means Number of days between your periods may be shorter and longer
2. Intense exercise
Intense exercise can also cause irregular periods and can stop altogether.
This condition associated with athletes who mostly do intense exercise.
The severe hormone can disrupt your hormone levels, which can cause irregular periods.
If you have recently been through traumatic events which can cause hormone imbalance to lead you irregular periods.
Cause for late periods
Being overweight makes you harder having your periods.
Obesity can be the main cause of your missed or late periods
5. Chronic medical condition
Chronic disease such as celiac disease and diabetes also affects your menstrual cycle.
Your blood sugar level also linked to hormone so poorly control change can lead you an irregular disease.
6. Thyroid issue
The thyroid problem can also be the cause of the missed or late periods.
The thyroid regulates your metabolism, which also affects the level of the hormone.
Thyroid treated as a medical condition after treatment your period will back in the normal cycle.
When you are breastfeeding, you may not have a period at all or have very light periods.
Cause of early periods
It is the transition to the menopause.
Your hormone level may fluctuate widely during this time.
During this period you may get early or very late periods. Periods can be lighter or heavier than normal.
You may miss periods, vaginal dryness and irritability can also a symptom of Perimenopause.
9. Blood-thinning medication
Taking blood thinning medication may cause early periods or heavy period.
Anticoagulant naturally during your period to help to thin of the uterus lining.
Treatment of late and early periods
1. Puberty or menopause
Irregular periods occur when women just enter puberty or started a period of just one or two years.
And women enter the menopause show irregular period also.
Usually, it doesn’t need any kind of treatment
2. Birth control
If women taking birth control pills and continuous several months.
It will take several months to get back to the normal period cycle.
Birth control pills contain hormone estrogen and progesterone to help to control irregular period
3. Lifestyle changes
Some women have changed their period because they exercise too much. You should work less intensively.
The extreme change in weight can affect your periods, overweight make you harder ovulate and too much sudden weight can lead you infrequent periods
The structural problem in the womb may cause irregular periods.
Your doctor may recommend correcting the structure of the womb.
our doctor may recommend correcting the structure of the womb.
Yoga is a very effective treatment for a different menstrual issue.
In a study 2013 found that 30 to 40 minutes of yoga, 5 days a week with for 6 months stable the hormone levels related to irregular menstruation.
Yoga also reduces menstrual pain and some emotional symptom such as depression and anxiety.
You can buy yoga Books or at least check prices click here
6. Get a daily dose of vitamin
A study in 2015 showed that a low level of vitamin D for irregular periods and taking vitamin D supplement may help to regulate menstruation.
It also lowers the risk of weight gain, reducing depression.
Vitamin B, is often prescribed to women who are trying to conceive.
A study in 2016 shows that women who took 40 mg of vitamin B6 and 500mg of calcium can reduce PMS symptom.
A study shows that taking cinnamon can regulate menstrual cycles.
Although the study was limited by a very small
You can check here prices click here
8. Apple cider vinegar
A study shows that drinking 15 ml of apple cider vinegar daily restores the ovulatory menstruation in women with PCOS.
It also helps lower blood sugar, you lose weight and insulin level in your blood.
You can check here prices on amazon click here
Your most fertile days are approximately 14 days before your period.
You can get an idea about most fertile days of your previous period and latest period.
So if you have a menstrual cycle of 28 days, then most fertile days are 12, 13, and 14.
But if you have a menstrual cycle of 35 days most fertile days are 20, 21 and 22
You can take. Ovulation Plus Pregnancy Test and periods tracker
Click here to check your most fertile days and day of ovulation.
causes behind the irregular, heavy, late, and early period are all almost same and these are also causing vaginal bleeding between periods
When tissue and blood coming out through your vagina is called periods. This starts from 12 to 16 and till 45 years old
PMS is some collection of emotional and physical change facts during periods.
Its symptoms can be change in interest in sex, stress, difficulty in sleeping, anxiety, mood swings, headache and feeling tired.
In some women, severe PMS also saw.
This can affect women’s health. periods can be late, early, heavy and light.
This can be due no, of reason, Low level of vitamins, Change in hormone during periods
Medicated diet, intense some IUD, pregnancy-related complication, exercise, etc.
But you can treat them birth control pills, surgery, certain medication, etc.
If you experience some abnormal symptom then you should see your doctor.
GirlsHealth “Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)” “https://www.girlshealth.gov/body/period/pms.html”
ACOG “Abnormal Uterine Bleeding” ‘“https://www.acog.org/Patients/FAQs/Abnormal-Uterine-Bleeding”
NCBI “Amenorrhea, Secondary” “https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK431055/”
OWH “Polycystic ovary syndrome” “https://www.womenshealth.gov/a-z-topics/polycystic-ovary-syndrome”
NHS “Stopped or missed periods” “https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/stopped-or-missed-periods/”
Healthline “PMS (Premenstrual Syndrome)” “https://www.healthline.com/health/premenstrual-syndrome”
Wikipedia “Premenstrual syndrome” “https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Premenstrual_syndrome”